Small lifestyle changes can make a big difference if you are concerned about cancer. There seems to be a lot of conflicting advice available, but the following tips are proven ways of reducing your cancer risk:

young woman breaking a cigarette

1. Don’t Smoke

Smoking is linked to not just lung cancer but also cancer of the cervix, kidney and bladder. Chewing tobacco is also associated with cancer of the pancreas and mouth.

2. Eat a healthy diet

A good diet is no guarantee but these steps will improve your overall health, making you less susceptible to disease like cancer:

  • Eat lots of fruit and vegetables. Foods from plant sources should be the basis of your diet, such as grains and legumes.
  • Limit fat intake, especially from animal sources as this can cause obesity.
  • Avoid alcohol, or drink it only in moderation, as it is linked with colon, kidney, breast, liver and lung cancer.

3. Stay at a a healthy weight and take regular exercise

The risk of breast cancer and colon cancer can be significantly reduced with exercise alone. A healthy weight also lowers your risk of developing prostate, breast, colon, lung, and kidney cancer. 30 minutes of physical activity per day can make all the difference in this situation, even if it is just a walk.

4. Protect your skin from the sun

Summer vacation

Skin cancer is one of the most common forms of the disease and it can be easily prevented:

  • Stay away from the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun is at its strongest.
  • Use sunglasses, wide hats and stay in the shade.
  • Cover your skin in dark or bright colors that do not let the sun through
  • Use plenty of sunscreen and reapply often
  • Avoid tanning salons as they are just as dangerous as the sun

5. Get immunized

Get immunized against Hepatitis B, which can increase the risk of liver cancer, and HPV (human papilloma virus), a sexually transmitted virus that can cause cervical cancer.

6. Be responsible

  • Practice safe sex to avoid HIV, HPV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Do not share needles as this can pass on HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C.

7. Practice early detection

Examine yourself regularly and participate in a cancer screening schedule recommended by your doctor.

Making yourself responsible for cancer prevention allows you to take control of your health and is a positive action.

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